The Truth About EV's, Electric Vehicles, Both the Positive and the Negative

The Truth About EV's, Electric Vehicles, Both the Positive and the Negative

In recent years, electric vehicles (EVs) have become a focal point in the automotive industry as the world strives towards a more sustainable and environmentally friendly future. As the popularity of EVs continues to grow, so does the influx of information - both accurate and misleading. In this article, we will dissect the truths and myths surrounding electric vehicles, exploring both the positive and negative aspects of this revolutionary technology. We have documented and incorporated references to the source information, just click the links.

Top 10 Myths about EV's and the truth:

  1. Myth: EVs are not as powerful as traditional vehicles.
    This myth is FALSE: Contrary to this myth, many electric vehicles boast impressive acceleration and performance. Electric motors deliver instant torque, providing a smooth and powerful driving experience. High-performance EVs have even set records in terms of speed and acceleration.

  2. Myth: EVs are more expensive than traditional vehicles.
    This myth is TRUE: The upfront cost of some EVs is MUCH higher. Over time, the total cost of ownership can be lowered as  EVs typically have fewer moving parts, resulting in lower maintenance costs. Of course, when the batteries need to be replaced, that may be a huge expense  Additionally, governments around the world offer incentives and subsidies to encourage the adoption of electric vehicles, making them more affordable.
    The average cost of an electric vehicle (EV) in September 2023 was over $53,000. The average starting price for the top 10 best-selling EVs in the US is $48,899. See AutoWeek Magazine for about the total costs of owning an EV.
    Here's a sampling of some current prices, high to low:
    Tesla Model X: $112,590.
    Tesla Model S: $76,190
    Lucid Air: $77,400
    Porsche Taycan: $81,250
    Audi e-Tron: $65,900
    Hyundai Kona EV: $37,390
    Chevrolet Bolt: $31,995
    Tesla Model 3: $40,390
    Polestar 2: $48,400
    Audi A6 e-tron: $70,800
    Nissan Leaf: $29,135
    Kia Niro EV Wind: $40,875

  3. Myth: EVs are not environmentally friendly due to the manufacturing process
    This myth is TRUE: The manufacturing of EV batteries has a large environmental impact, The EV batteries' manufacture relies on lithium and cobalt.
    The magnets in the motors need neodymium and dysprosium, also samarium and terbium ; all of which are rare earth elements. These  are mostly sourced in China and the mining is very damaging to the environment. US Power generation sources
  4. Myth: EVs are not environmentally friendly because they still rely upon fossil fuels.
    This myth is TRUE: According to the U.S. EPA, 75% of electric energy in America comes from fossil fuels!  And this is what you use to recharge an EV! So, every time you charge an EV you are burning fossil fuels.
  5. Myth: EVs are impractical for everyday use.
    This myth is FALSE:  For daily short commuting and short trips, EVs are highly practical. Many people find that the available range meets their daily needs, and the convenience of home charging makes them well-suited for regular use.
    But this myth is TRUE if you have a long commute. However, long-distance travel is still very impractical, and still requires careful planning due to charging infrastructure limitations outside of large cities .If you get stuck in traffic on a hot summer day with he AC running or a cold winter day with the heater on, you could easily drain the battery and be stuck on the side of the road.

  6. Myth: EVs take too long to charge.
    This myth is TRUE: Charging times are much longer compared to refueling a traditional gasoline or diesel powered vehicle. There are fast chargers addressing this concern, but they are still rare and very expensive, on the order of $10,000each. In the future, perhaps high-power chargers will significantly reduce charging times, but these are still rare, and consumers report they stations are often occupied, recall when the Secretary of Energy, Jennifer Granholm took a Disasterous EV trip. Some EV owners have been forced to abandon their vehicles when they ran out of charge and there were no chargers available. Even NPR admits this is a real problem.

  7. Myth: EV batteries degrade quickly.
    This myth is FALSE: Battery degradation is a consideration for EV owners, but modern battery management systems have improved significantly. With proper care and maintenance, EV batteries can retain a high level of performance for 8 to 10 years. ''Every single battery is going to degrade every time you charge and discharge it,'' Atlis Motor Vehicles CEO, Mark Hanchett, told InsideEVs.  To help your battery last longer, avoid letting your battery drain below 10-20% of charge remaining.

  8. These are the factors that adversely affect battery life:
    • Exposure to high ambient temperatures
    • Fast charging
    • Storage the EV without a charge maintainer connected
    EV's are still new to the marketplace, but it currently appears that the batteries last between 8 and 20 years, although after 8 to 10 years, the range is likely reduced..
  9. Myth: EV batteries are expensive to replace
    This myth is TRUE:  Cost to replace tesla batteriesJ.D. Power says:
    EV EV batteries are costly to replace out of pocket, and the prices can generally be between $4,000 to $20,000, with your vehicle's year, make, and model directly influencing the final sum. However, the prices are expected to decrease gradually with time, and the warranty comprehensively covers any part replacement within the first eight years. reports:
    According to J.D. Power, the cost of replacing a battery in the Tesla Model 3 is approximately $13,000, which is over 30% of the sedan’s starting price. Recurrent estimates the total cost to replace the Model 3’s battery is around $15,800 when labor is included.
  10. Myth: Charging stations are rare and expensive... or constantly occupied or broken EV Charging stations map
    This myth is true: Charging stations are still rare outside of urban areas, and EV charging stations are often broken (Wall Street Journal). Commercial charging stations are reported to cost about $10,00 each.  Home charging stations require power upgrades in addition to the charger, making the total cost $2,000 to $5,000. Charging stations are most common in urban areas, see the map at right, and you can search the Dept of Energy map for a charging station here.

  11. Myth: EVs have a limited driving range; causing "range Anxiety"
    This myth is still mostly TRUE: While early electric vehicles did have limited ranges, technological advancements have improved battery technology. Still many EV owners have range anxiety (NY Times). Many modern EVs now offer ranges of 200 to 300 miles - when the batteries are new! As the batteries degrade over time, the range decreases, it is assumed to be about 10% loss per year. The average range of an electric vehicle (EV) is estimated to be 211 miles.  It all depends on the make and model you choose.  As you would expect, the most expensive EV's tend to have the bigger ranges. As shown in the table below, (dated December 2023) it goes from a low of 83 miles for some Fiats to for Lucid Air. See this chart with links to the source.

EV Make and Model Range in Miles (with a new battery)
Fiat 500e 3+1 24 kWh 83.9
Fiat 500e Cabrio 24 kWh 83.9
Fiat 500e Hatchback 24 kWh 83.9
Renault Twingo Electric 83.9
e.Go e.wave X 93.2
Dacia Spring Electric 65 Extreme 99.4
Dacia Spring Electric 45 102.5
Mini Cooper SE Convertible 102.5
Mazda MX-30 105.6
Citroen e-Jumpy Combi XL 50 kWh 111.8
Citroen e-SpaceTourer XL 50 kWh 111.8
Fiat E-Ulysse L3 50 kWh 111.8
Mini Cooper SE 111.8
Opel Vivaro-e Combi L 50 kWh 111.8
Opel Zafira-e Life L 50 kWh 111.8
Citroen e-Jumpy Combi M 50 kWh 115.0
Citroen e-SpaceTourer M 50 kWh 115.0
Fiat E-Ulysse L2 50 kWh 115.0
Opel Vivaro-e Combi M 50 kWh 115.0
Opel Zafira-e Life M 50 kWh 115.0
Peugeot e-Expert Combi Long 50 kWh 115.0
Peugeot e-Expert Combi Standard 50 kWh 115.0
Peugeot e-Traveller Long 50 kWh 115.0
Peugeot e-Traveller Standard 50 kWh 115.0
Opel Combo-e Life XL 50 kWh 124.3
Peugeot e-Rifter Long 50 kWh 124.3
Citroen e-Berlingo M 50 kWh 127.4
Citroen e-Berlingo XL 50 kWh 127.4
Mercedes eVito Tourer Extra-Long 60 kWh 127.4
Opel Combo-e Life 50 kWh 127.4
Peugeot e-Rifter Standard 50 kWh 127.4
Toyota Proace City Verso Electric L2 50 kWh 127.4
Mercedes EQV 250 Extra-Long 130.5
Mercedes EQV 250 Long 130.5
Mercedes eVito Tourer Long 60 kWh 130.5
Toyota Proace City Verso Electric L1 50 kWh 130.5
Renault Kangoo E-Tech Electric 136.7
Abarth 500e Convertible 139.8
Abarth 500e Hatchback 139.8
Mercedes EQT 200 Standard 139.8
Nissan Townstar EV Passenger 139.8
Fiat 500e Cabrio 42 kWh 142.9
Kia e-Soul 39.2 kWh 142.9
Fiat 500e 3+1 42 kWh 146.0
Fiat 500e Hatchback 42 kWh 146.0
Mini Cooper E 146.0
Nissan Leaf 146.0
Hyundai Kona Electric 39 kWh 152.2
Citroen e-C3 155.3
Smart #1 Pro 155.3
BYD DOLPHIN 44.9 kWh Active 158.4
BYD DOLPHIN 44.9 kWh Boost 158.4
Citroen e-Jumpy Combi XL 75 kWh 161.6
Citroen e-SpaceTourer XL 75 kWh 161.6
Fiat E-Ulysse L3 75 kWh 161.6
Opel Mokka-e 50 kWh 161.6
Opel Vivaro-e Combi L 75 kWh 161.6
Opel Zafira-e Life L 75 kWh 161.6
ORA Funky Cat 48 kWh 161.6
Peugeot e-Expert Combi Long 75 kWh 161.6
Peugeot e-Traveller Long 75 kWh 161.6
Renault Megane E-Tech EV40 130hp 161.6
Seres 3 161.6
Toyota PROACE Verso L 75 kWh 161.6
Citroen e-Jumpy Combi M 75 kWh 164.7
Citroen e-SpaceTourer M 75 kWh 164.7
Fiat E-Ulysse L2 75 kWh 164.7
MG MG5 Electric Standard Range 164.7
MG ZS EV Standard Range 164.7
Opel Vivaro-e Combi M 75 kWh 164.7
Opel Zafira-e Life M 75 kWh 164.7
Peugeot e-Expert Combi Standard 75 kWh 164.7
Peugeot e-Traveller Standard 75 kWh 164.7
Smart #3 Pro 164.7
Toyota PROACE Verso M 75 kWh 164.7
Peugeot e-2008 50 kWh 167.8
Volvo EX30 Single Motor 174.0
Citroen e-C4 X 177.1
Peugeot e-208 177.1
Volkswagen ID.4 Pure 177.1
Citroen e-C4 180.2
Hyundai Kona Electric 48 kWh 180.2
Opel Mokka-e 54 kWh 180.2
Peugeot e-208 50 kWh 180.2
SsangYong Korando e-Motion 180.2
Hyundai IONIQ 5 Standard Range 2WD 183.3
Opel Corsa Electric 50 kWh 183.3
DS 3 E-Tense 186.4
MG MG4 Electric 51 kWh 186.4
Opel Astra Sports Tourer Electric 186.4
Peugeot e-2008 54 kWh 186.4
Peugeot e-308 186.4
Peugeot e-308 SW 186.4
Fiat 600e 189.5
Kia EV6 Standard Range 2WD 189.5
Mercedes eVito Tourer Extra-Long 90 kWh 189.5
Opel Astra Electric 189.5
Jeep Avenger Electric 192.6
Mercedes EQV 300 Extra-Long 192.6
Mercedes EQV 300 Long 192.6
Mercedes eVito Tourer Long 90 kWh 192.6
Mini Cooper SE 192.6
Peugeot e-208 51 kWh 192.6
Renault Zoe ZE50 R135 192.6
Aiways U5 195.7
Opel Corsa Electric 51 kWh 195.7
Renault Zoe ZE50 R110 195.7
Smart #1 Brabus 195.7
Toyota bZ4X AWD 195.7
Hongqi E-HS9 84 kWh 198.8
Lexus RZ 450e 198.8
MG MG4 Electric XPOWER 198.8
Subaru Solterra AWD 198.8
BYD ATTO 3 205.1
Citroen e-C4 54 kWh 205.1
Citroen e-C4 X 54 kWh 205.1
ORA Funky Cat GT 205.1
Smart #3 Brabus 205.1
Honda e:Ny1 208.2
MG MG5 Electric Long Range 208.2
Nissan Ariya 63kWh 208.2
Smart #1 Premium 208.2
Smart #1 Pro+ 208.2
BYD DOLPHIN 60.4 kWh 211.3
Lexus UX 300e 211.3
NIO EL7 75 kWh 211.3
Nissan Leaf e+ 211.3
ORA Funky Cat 63 kWh 211.3
Skoda Enyaq 60 211.3
Toyota bZ4X FWD 211.3
CUPRA Born 170 kW - 58 kWh 214.4
Mercedes EQB 300 4MATIC 214.4
Mercedes EQB 350 4MATIC 214.4
Smart #1 Pulse 214.4
Volkswagen ID. Buzz Pro 214.4
Volvo XC40 Recharge Single Motor 214.4
Aiways U6 217.5
CUPRA Born 150 kW - 58 kWh 217.5
Ford Mustang Mach-E SR AWD 217.5
Genesis GV70 Electrified Sport 217.5
MG Marvel R Performance 217.5
NIO EL6 75 kWh 217.5
Tesla Model Y 217.5
Tesla Model Y 217.5
Volkswagen ID.3 Pro 217.5
Zeekr X Privilege AWD 217.5
Mercedes EQA 300 4MATIC 220.6
Mercedes EQA 350 4MATIC 220.6
Skoda Enyaq Coupe 60 220.6
Smart #3 Premium 220.6
Smart #3 Pro+ 220.6
Volvo C40 Recharge Single Motor 220.6
BMW iX xDrive40 223.7
BYD TANG 223.7
Kia EV6 GT 223.7
MG MG4 Electric 64 kWh 223.7
Volvo EX30 Twin Motor Performance 223.7
Zeekr X Long Range RWD 223.7
Genesis GV60 Sport Plus 226.8
Hyundai IONIQ 6 Standard Range 2WD 226.8
Maxus MIFA 9 226.8
MG Marvel R 226.8
Hongqi E-HS9 99 kWh 229.9
Kia e-Soul 64 kWh 229.9
MG ZS EV Long Range 229.9
Mini Countryman SE ALL4 229.9
Peugeot e-3008 73 kWh Dual Motor 229.9
Porsche Taycan 4S Sport Turismo 229.9
Volvo EX30 Single Motor ER 229.9
BMW iX1 xDrive30 236.1
BMW iX2 xDrive30 236.1
Fisker Ocean Sport 236.1
Ford Mustang Mach-E SR RWD 236.1
Genesis GV60 Sport 236.1
Jaguar I-Pace EV400 236.1
Mini Countryman E 236.1
Porsche Taycan Sport Turismo 236.1
Renault Megane E-Tech EV60 130hp 236.1
Renault Megane E-Tech EV60 220hp 236.1
Audi Q4 e-tron 50 quattro 239.2
BMW iX3 239.2
Hyundai IONIQ 5 Long Range AWD 239.2
Hyundai IONIQ 5 N 239.2
Kia Niro EV 239.2
NIO ET5 Touring 75 kWh 239.2
Peugeot e-3008 73 kWh 239.2
BMW iX1 eDrive20 242.3
Elaris BEO 86 kWh 242.3
Genesis GV60 Premium 242.3
Hyundai IONIQ 5 Long Range 2WD 242.3
Hyundai Kona Electric 64 kWh 242.3
Hyundai Kona Electric 65 kWh 242.3
Volvo XC40 Recharge Twin Motor 242.3
Audi Q4 e-tron 45 quattro 245.4
Audi Q4 e-tron 55 quattro 245.4
NIO ET5 75 kWh 245.4
Porsche Taycan Turbo S Sport Turismo 245.4
Audi Q4 Sportback e-tron 50 quattro 248.5
Kia EV6 Long Range AWD 248.5
NIO ET7 75 kWh 248.5
Volvo C40 Recharge Twin Motor 248.5
XPENG G9 RWD Standard Range 248.5
Audi e-tron GT RS 251.7
Audi Q4 e-tron 40 251.7
Maserati Grecale Folgore 251.7
Mercedes EQA 250 251.7
Nissan Ariya e-4ORCE 87kWh - 225 kW 251.7
Nissan Ariya e-4ORCE 87kWh - 290 kW 251.7
Polestar 2 Standard Range Single Motor 251.7
Porsche Taycan Turbo Sport Turismo 251.7
Volvo XC40 Recharge Single Motor ER 251.7
Kia EV6 Long Range 2WD 254.8
Mercedes EQE SUV AMG 53 4MATIC+ 254.8
Porsche Taycan Turbo S Cross Turismo 254.8
Audi Q4 Sportback e-tron 45 quattro 257.9
Audi Q4 Sportback e-tron 55 quattro 257.9
Kia EV9 99.8 kWh AWD GT-Line 257.9
Mercedes EQB 250+ 257.9
Mercedes EQE SUV AMG 43 4MATIC 257.9
Porsche Taycan 4S 257.9
Tesla Model Y Performance 257.9
Audi e-tron GT quattro 261.0
Audi Q4 e-tron 45 261.0
Porsche Taycan 261.0
Tesla Model 3 261.0
Volkswagen ID.4 GTX 261.0
Volvo C40 Recharge Single Motor ER 261.0
Audi Q4 Sportback e-tron 40 264.1
Audi Q8 e-tron 50 quattro 264.1
BMW i5 M60 xDrive Sedan 264.1
Ford Mustang Mach-E GT 264.1
Kia EV9 99.8 kWh AWD 264.1
Maserati GranTurismo Folgore 264.1
Mercedes EQE SUV 350 4MATIC 264.1
MG MG4 Electric 77 kWh 264.1
Porsche Taycan GTS Sport Turismo 264.1
Porsche Taycan Turbo Cross Turismo 264.1
VinFast VF 8 Eco Extended Range 264.1
VinFast VF 8 Plus Extended Range 264.1
Volkswagen ID.4 Pro 4MOTION 264.1
BMW i4 eDrive35 267.2
CUPRA Tavascan VZ 267.2
Mercedes EQA 250+ 267.2
NIO EL7 100 kWh 267.2
Porsche Taycan 4S Plus Sport Turismo 267.2
Porsche Taycan Turbo S 267.2
Volkswagen ID.5 GTX 267.2
Audi Q4 Sportback e-tron 45 270.3
Mercedes EQE SUV 350 4MATIC 270.3
Mercedes EQE SUV 500 4MATIC 270.3
Skoda Enyaq RS 270.3
Tesla Model Y Long Range Dual Motor 270.3
Volkswagen ID.4 Pro 270.3
Genesis G80 Electrified Luxury 273.4
Hyundai IONIQ 6 Long Range AWD 273.4
NIO EL6 100 kWh 273.4
Porsche Taycan 4 Cross Turismo 273.4
Porsche Taycan 4S Cross Turismo 273.4
Skoda Enyaq 85x 273.4
Audi Q8 e-tron Sportback 50 quattro 276.5
Ford Mustang Mach-E ER AWD 276.5
Porsche Taycan Plus Sport Turismo 276.5
Porsche Taycan Turbo 276.5
BMW i4 M50 279.6
CUPRA Born 170 kW - 77 kWh 279.6
CUPRA Tavascan Endurance 279.6
Kia EV9 99.8 kWh RWD 279.6
Mercedes EQE SUV 300 279.6
Nissan Ariya 87kWh 279.6
Polestar 2 Long Range Dual Motor 279.6
Polestar 2 Long Range Performance 279.6
Porsche Taycan GTS 279.6
Volvo EX90 Twin Motor Performance 279.6
Audi SQ8 e-tron 282.7
Lotus Eletre R 282.7
Mercedes EQE SUV 500 4MATIC 282.7
Skoda Enyaq 85 282.7
Skoda Enyaq Coupe RS 282.7
Tesla Model X Plaid 282.7
Volkswagen ID.3 Pro S - 4 Seats 282.7
Volkswagen ID.5 Pro 282.7
Hongqi E-HS9 120 kWh 285.8
Volvo EX90 Single Motor 285.8
XPENG P7 AWD Performance 285.8
Mercedes EQE AMG 43 4MATIC 288.9
Mercedes EQE AMG 53 4MATIC+ 288.9
Polestar 4 Long Range Dual Motor 288.9
Rolls-Royce Spectre 288.9
Volvo EX90 Twin Motor 288.9
XPENG G9 AWD Performance 288.9
XPENG P7 Wing Edition 288.9
Polestar 2 Long Range Single Motor 292.0
Polestar 3 Long Range Performance 292.0
Skoda Enyaq Coupe 85x 292.0
BMW i5 eDrive40 Sedan 295.2
BYD HAN 295.2
Mercedes EQE SUV 350+ 295.2
Tesla Model X Dual Motor 295.2
Volkswagen ID.7 Pro 295.2
Audi SQ8 e-tron Sportback 298.3
Ford Mustang Mach-E ER RWD 298.3
Porsche Taycan 4S Plus 298.3
Voyah Free 106 kWh 298.3
XPENG G9 RWD Long Range 298.3
BMW iX M60 301.4
BYD SEAL 82.5 kWh AWD Excellence 301.4
Mercedes EQS SUV 580 4MATIC 301.4
NIO ET5 Touring 100 kWh 301.4
Porsche Taycan Plus 301.4
Skoda Enyaq Coupe 85 301.4
BMW i7 M70 xDrive 304.5
Mercedes EQS SUV 450 4MATIC 304.5
Mercedes EQS SUV 500 4MATIC 304.5
Polestar 3 Long Range Dual motor 304.5
Hyundai IONIQ 6 Long Range 2WD 307.6
Lotus Eletre 307.6
Polestar 4 Long Range Single Motor 307.6
XPENG P7 RWD Long Range 307.6
BYD SEAL 82.5 kWh RWD Design 310.7
Mercedes EQS SUV 450+ 310.7
NIO ET5 100 kWh 310.7
Zeekr 001 Privilege AWD 310.7
Audi Q8 e-tron 55 quattro 313.8
BMW iX xDrive50 313.8
Mercedes EQE 500 4MATIC 313.8
NIO ET7 100 kWh 313.8
Peugeot e-3008 98 kWh Long Range 313.8
Tesla Model 3 Long Range Dual Motor 313.8
Zeekr 001 Performance AWD 313.8
BMW i7 xDrive60 316.9
Mercedes EQE 350 4MATIC 316.9
BMW i4 eDrive40 320.0
Mercedes EQE 350 320.0
BMW i7 eDrive50 323.1
VinFast VF 9 Extended Range 323.1
Volkswagen ID.7 Pro S 323.1
Audi Q8 e-tron Sportback 55 quattro 326.2
Mercedes EQE 300 326.2
Fisker Ocean Extreme 329.3
Fisker Ocean One 329.3
Mercedes EQE 350+ 329.3
Zeekr 001 Long Range RWD 329.3
Fisker Ocean Ultra 332.4
Mercedes EQS AMG 53 4MATIC+ 332.4
Tesla Model S Plaid 348.0
Tesla Model S Dual Motor 357.3
Lucid Air Touring 360.4
Lucid Air Pure AWD 366.6
Mercedes EQS 500 4MATIC 366.6
Mercedes EQS 580 4MATIC 366.6
Mercedes EQS 450 4MATIC 379.0
Mercedes EQS 450+ 394.6
Lucid Air Dream Edition P 413.2
Lucid Air Grand Touring 413.2
Lucid Air Dream Edition R 425.6



Separating fact from fiction is crucial as electric vehicles become an integral part of the automotive landscape. As technology continues to advance and infrastructure expands, electric vehicles are likely to mporve,  For now, an Electric-Gasoline hybrid is a smarter choice, offering the flexibility of both options and unlimited range.



Many references are incorporated into the text above, by the links to the sources. Below are additional references.


Ways to save money AND help the environment:

Eat healthier AND save money: Instant Pot Duo Crisp 11-in-1 Air Fryer and Electric Pressure Cooker Combo with Multicooker Lids that Fries, Steams, Slow Cooks, Sautés, Dehydrates

Save water AND money with this showerhead adapter, it lets the water flow until the water is hot, then shuts off water flow until you restart it, ShowerStart TSV Hot Water Standby Adapter

Protect your health with these:

Mattress Dust mite-Bedbug protector, 100% Waterproof, Hypoallergenic, Zippered

Handheld Allergen Vacuum Cleaner with UV Sanitizing and Heating for Allergies and Pet, Kills Mite, Virus, Molds, True HEPA with Powerful Suction removes Hair, Dander, Pollen, Dust,

Immune Support Supplement with Quercetin, Vitamin C, Zinc, Vitamin D3

GermGuardian Air Purifier with UV-C Light and HEPA 13 Filter, Removes 99.97% of Pollutants

5 Stage Air Purifier, Features Ultraviolet Light (UVC), H13 True Hepa, Carbon, PCO, Smart Wifi, Auto Mode, Quiet, Removes 99.97% of Particles, Smoke, Mold, Pet Dander, Dust, Odors

Interesting Reads:

THE PREPPER'S CANNING & PRESERVING BIBLE: [13 in 1] Your Path to Food Self-Sufficiency. Canning, Dehydrating, Fermenting, Pickling & More, Plus The Food Preservation Calendar for a Sustainable Pantry

The Backyard Homestead: Produce all the food you need on just a quarter acre! Paperback

The Citizens' Guide to Geologic Hazards: A Guide to Understanding Geologic Hazards Including Asbestos, Radon, Swelling Soils, Earthquakes, Volcanoes

The Uninhabitable Earth: Life After Warming

Book: The Sixth Extinction: An Unnatural History Paperback

See Echo Dot on Amazon