EHSO home page - Free Environmental Health & Safety information, guidance and downloads of regulations and manuals online for home or EHS professional.

Environment, Health and Safety Online

The site for free, objective information you can use! 

Free information for the general public and  EHS professionals

 

Search the site

Feedback

Acronyms

Services

Who are we?  - How to get helpFAQs  -  Quick links: Today's Federal Register  - Contact Info: EPA  - State agencies - OSHA - DOT   Regs: Search Government regs and sites Data: Search EPA databases

Causes and Controls of Water Pollution

Many human activities cause water pollution.  Sometimes in ways that you would not expect.  Federal laws (CZARA - Section 6217 of the Coastal Zone Act Reauthorization Amendments of 1990) require the EPA, in consultation with NOAA and other federal agencies, to publish guidance specifying "management measures" to restore and protect coastal waters from specific categories of nonpoint source pollution.  State governments (through their "Coastal Nonpoint Pollution Control Programs" )  must ensure that these measures are followed.

"Management measures" are defined by law to be economically achievable measures that reflect the best available technology for reducing pollutants. States may select from a wide range of practices or combinations of practices that will achieve the level of control specified in the management measure. These fact sheets summarize the management measures applicable to a variety of activities, such as urban areas, agriculture, forestry, marinas and recreational boating, hydromodification, and wetlands/riparian areas.

bullet

Agriculturebullet

Boating and Marinasbullet

Cities and Urban Livingbullet

Dams, Channels, and Other Waterway Modificationsbullet

Forestry Operations (Lumber) bullet

Deforestationbullet

Wetlands Management

What Is the Coastal Nonpoint Pollution Program?

Section 6217 of the Coastal Zone Act Reauthorization Amendments of 1990 (CZARA) requires coastal states (including Great Lakes states) with approved coastal zone management programs to address nonpoint pollution impacting or threatening coastal waters. States must submit Coastal Nonpoint Pollution Control Programs for approval to both the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Requirements for state programs are described in a document entitled "Coastal Nonpoint Pollution Control Program: Program Development and Approval Guidance" and are summarized in a separate fact sheet.

 

Back to top

This page was updated on 23-Mar-2017